We point out that an enormous Fuck universe cannot allow it to be particularly your state to-be was able

Author’s reaction: Big-bang models was obtained from GR by presupposing the modeled universe remains homogeneously full of a fluid from number and you can radiation. New declined contradiction try missing as for the Big bang models the new every where is limited so you’re able to a limited frequency.

Reviewer’s comment: The author is wrong in writing: “The homogeneity assumption is drastically incompatible with a Big Bang in flat space, in which radiation from past events, such as from last scattering, cannot fail to separate ever more from the material content of the universe.” The author assumes that the material content of the universe is of limited extent, but the “Big Bang” model does not assume such a thing. Figure 1 shows a possible “Big Bang” model but not the only possible “Big Bang” model.

Author’s response: My statement holds for what I (and most others) mean with the “Big Bang”, in which everything can be traced back to a compact primeval fireball. The Reviewer appears, instead, to prescribe an Expanding View model, in which the spatial extension of the universe was never limited while more of it came gradually into view. However, in mainstream tradition, the homogeneity of the CMB is maintained not by broadening the universe like this (model sitio de citas de aplicaciones gratis 5), but by narrowing it to a region with the comoving diameter of the last scattering surface (model 4). This is the relic radiation blunder.

Reviewer’s review: This isn’t the new “Big-bang” model but “Design step one” that’s formulated having a contradictory expectation from the creator. Thus mcdougal incorrectly believes that customer (and others) “misinterprets” exactly what the author states, when in facts this is the copywriter just who misinterprets the meaning of “Big bang” design.

Author’s effect: My personal “model step one” represents a large Fuck model that’s none marred by relic radiation error nor mistaken for an expanding Take a look at design.

Reviewer’s comment: According to the citation, Tolman considered the “model of the expanding universe with which we deal . containing a homogeneous, isotropic mixture of matter and blackbody radiation,” which clearly means that Tolman assumes there is no maximum to the extent of the radiation distribution in space. This is compatible with the “Big Bang” model.

Author’s response: The citation is actually taken from Alpher and Herman (1975). It reads like a warning: do not take our conclusions as valid if the universe is not like this. In believing that it is, the authors appear to have followed Tolman (1934), who had begun his studies of the thermal properties of the universe in advance of he had become familiar with GR based models.

Into the a good mil years, i will be researching light off a much bigger last sprinkling surface at the an effective comoving point of around forty-eight Gly where matter and you will light has also been establish

Reviewer’s opinion: The very last scattering epidermis we see today is a-two-dimensional circular cut right out of your entire market at that time away from past sprinkling.

The guy consider wrongly you to definitely their earlier results perform nevertheless hold also during these, and you may nothing away from his followers corrected it

Author’s impulse: Brand new “past sprinkling body” simply a theoretical create in this an effective cosmogonic Big-bang model, and i imagine I managed to make it obvious you to including an unit doesn’t allow us to pick so it facial skin. We see something different.

Reviewer’s comment: The “Standard Model of Cosmology” is based on the “Big Bang” model (not on “Model 1″) and on a possible FLRW solution that fits best the current astronomical observations. The “Standard Model of Cosmology” posits that matter and radiation are distributed uniformly everywhere in the universe. This new supplemented assumption is not contrary to the “Big Bang” model because the latter does not say anything about the distribution of matter.

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